Hela världen sitter i händerna på bankparasiterna som ersatt pengar med bankernas egna skulder som betalmedel. Bankerna ”lånar ut” sina egna skulder och kräver ränta på dessa påhitt – kan parasitismen bli värre? Bankerna ”lånar ut” mindre än ingenting – bankerna ”lånar ut” sina egna skulder till kundkonton.
Låt det totala vansinnet i detta smälta in genom att upprepa det inom dig :
Bankerna ”lånar ut” mindre än ingenting – bankerna ”lånar ut” sina egna skulder till kundkonton.
Tänk dig att du ”lånar ut” din egen elräkning till en förståndshandikappad och kräver att stackarn ska betala ”tillbaka” med kronor och att du dessutom ska ha ränta för att du ”lånat ut” din egen skuld. Detta är precis vad bankerna gör! Vem fan skulle inte bli rik som ett troll om man kan få folk att tro att ens skulder är pengar?
Grekerna röstade mot denna idioti. De röstade mot bank och finansparasitismen. De trodde att demokratin levde och att de hade en röst mot finansdiktaturen. Men de blev lurade. Jag ska medge – jag blev lurad jag med -jag kände hopp.
Nu ska grekerna svältas för att betala av på de ”skulder” som de ”lånat” av finansdiktaturen. Öar, hamnar etc ska ges till finansparasiterna – samtidigt ska grekernas pensioner försämras osv.. Jag förstår grekernas ilska – mitt förakt för politikerna överträffas nog bara av politikernas förakt för folket.
Faktiskt skulle grekerna kunnat lösa det här t.om inom det rådande skuldslavsparadigmet. Som ekonomiprofessor Richard Werner påpekat skulle den grekiska staten helt enkelt bara skita i att ge ut statsobligationer. Staten skulle kunna ”låna” bankskulder direkt av de grekiska bankerna. Det är t.o.m förenligt med Maastricht artikel 104(1) (som förbjuder staten att skapa pengar – den lagen tvingar staten att ”låna” bankernas skulder).
Grekiska staten skulle dessutom kunna ”låna” bankskulder helt gratis om Grekland startade en statlig bank (typ SBAB i Sverige). Grekiska staten skulle då sätta sig i ”skuld” till sig själv – vilket givetvis inte är någon skuld (om du ”lånar” en 1000.lapp av dig själv så är det ju fånigt att säga att du har en skuld)
Richard Werner förklarar hur här:
Istället lägger Tsipras sig platt för finansdiktaturen och svälter sitt eget land.
Visst, politikerna i Grekland är korrupta och köpta av finansdiktaturen. Demokratin i Grekland är rutten. Men de svenska politikerna och den svenska demokratin är såååå mycket bättre! I helvete heller! Våra politiker är lika djävla korrupta och köpta de med. Så medan jag ändå är på gång och är förbannad så låt oss se vilka äckel till politiker vi har i Sverige och hur de gör som de blir tillsagda av finansdiktaturen.
I Sverige är inte staten så skuldsatt ÄN av banksystemet Men när bostadsbubblan spricker kommer vi bli ett nytt Spanien. I Spanien satt inte staten heller i så stor ”skuld” till banksystemet men blev det när staten räddade bankerna efter att den Spanska bostadsbubblan sprack.
Så låt oss studera hur den sk ”bostadsmarknaden” är uppbyggd – då den gjort att Sverige ”levt över sina tillgångar” (såsom Grekerna anklagats ha gjort) och det även kommer visa hur vi kommer bli ett nytt Spanien och Grekland.
Vid en husförsäljning har inte köparna pengarna utan ”lånar” av banken som inte heller har pengarna men kan skapa kontopåhitt från luften som de ”lånar ut”
Så här har vi tre deltagare på denna ”marknad”
1) en säljare (tillgångssidan)
2) potentiella köpare (efterfrågesidan)
3)mellanhanden banken som vill sälja så mycket som möjligt av sin ”produkt” – dvs skulder skapade från ingenting. Bankerna försöker trissa upp priserna så mycket som möjligt med dessa påhitt genom att hetsa ”köparna” mot varandra.
Det är ingen marknad, det är skuldslavsauktion där ”husägaren” får hyra huset av mellanhanden, parasiten=banken som sätter priset..
Och bankerna marknadsför bostadsinflationen, som är en följd av denna upptrissning, såsom ”värdeökningar” (samma skit med IT-bubblor, aktier, guld, etc). På så sätt får de människor att tro att alla kan bli rika bara de skuldsätter sig maximalt och går in i pyramidspelet och spekulerar. Sist ut blir svarte Petter.
Av ovan är det helt klart att bankerna inhäktar skuldslavar genom att ”låna ut” sina egna skulder till kundkonton. Och, som sagt, när den Svenska bobubblan spricker kommer staten hamna i samma potta som Spanien och Grekland. Staten kommer ta över alla skulder för att rädda banksystemet. Sedan kommer Trojkan komma in och kräva att allt statligt ska säljas ut för finansiera ”betalningen” av alla påhittade skulder. Välfärden kommer monteras ned än mer och Trojkan kommer, liksom i Grekland, kalla utsugningen för ”nödvändiga reformer”. Bostads och bankkraschen på 90-talet kommer vara en västanfläkt i jämförelse och finansdiktaturen – som orsakat alltihop, – kommer med politikernas hjälp samla ihop alla tillgångar -precis såsom sker i Grekland nu (och Spanien där ovan redan skett då deras bobubbla, som sagt, redan ploppat – vill du se vad som väntar Sverige, kolla då in vad som redan skett i Spanien).
Politikerna vet om ovan och de har på alla möjliga sätt hjälpt bankerna att häkta i boskuldslavar. Ränteavdraget, rotavdraget, etc har politikerna genomfört för att underlätta bankernas skuldslavsindrivning.
Som sagt – mitt förakt för politikerna är gränslöst men politikernas förakt för folket är än större.
Enligt Basel3 kan banker ”låna ut” sina egna skulder till stat och kommun med riskvikten noll. Det betyder att bankerna inte behöver hålla ett skit i ”reserver” då de ”lånar ut” sina egna skulder till stat och kommuner. I Greklands fall skulle mao en statligt ägd bank kunna ”låna ut” hur mycket av sina egna skulder till stat och kommun som helst. Och, som sagt, om staten sätter sig i skuld till sig själv så är det givetvis ingen skuld (det är givetvis ingen skuld när privata banker ”lånar ut” sina egna skulder till konton heller – det är ett bedrägeri och inget annat – men då det är så spelet spelas skulle den Grekiska staten kunna, precis såsom Werner visar, kringgå parasiterna).
The true nature of Syriza has been seldom examined and explained. To the foreign media it is no more than “leftist” or “far left” or “hardline” – the usual misleading spray. Some of Syriza’s international supporters have reached, at times, levels of cheer leading reminiscent of the rise of Barack Obama. Few have asked: Who are these “radicals”? What do they believe in?
An historic betrayal has consumed Greece. Having set aside the mandate of the Greek electorate, the Syriza government has willfully ignored last week’s landslide “No” vote and secretly agreed a raft of repressive, impoverishing measures in return for a “bailout” that means sinister foreign control and a warning to the world.
Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras has pushed through parliament a proposal to cut at least 13 billion euros from the public purse – 4 billion euros more than the “austerity” figure rejected overwhelmingly by the majority of the Greek population in a referendum on 5 July.
These reportedly include a 50 per cent increase in the cost of healthcare for pensioners, almost 40 per cent of whom live in poverty; deep cuts in public sector wages; the complete privatization of public facilities such as airports and ports; a rise in value added tax to 23 per cent, now applied to the Greek islands where people struggle to eke out a living. There is more to come.
“Anti-austerity party sweeps to stunning victory”, declared a Guardian headline on January 25. “Radical leftists” the paper called Tsipras and his impressively-educated comrades. They wore open neck shirts, and the finance minister rode a motorbike and was described as a “rock star of economics”. It was a façade. They were not radical in any sense of that cliched label, neither were they “anti austerity”.
For six months Tsipras and the recently discarded finance minister, Yanis Varoufakis, shuttled between Athens and Brussels, Berlin and the other centres of European money power. Instead of social justice for Greece, they achieved a new indebtedness, a deeper impoverishment that would merely replace a systemic rottenness based on the theft of tax revenue by the Greek super-wealthy – in accordance with European “neo-liberal” values – and cheap, highly profitable loans from those now seeking Greece’s scalp.
Greece’s debt, reports an audit by the Greek parliament, “is illegal, illegitimate and odious”. Proportionally, it is less than 30 per cent that of the debit of Germany, its major creditor. It is less than the debt of European banks whose “bailout” in 2007-8 was barely controversial and unpunished.
For a small country such as Greece, the euro is a colonial currency: a tether to a capitalist ideology so extreme that even the Pope pronounces it “intolerable” and “the dung of the devil”. The euro is to Greece what the US dollar is to remote territories in the Pacific, whose poverty and servility is guaranteed by their dependency.
In their travels to the court of the mighty in Brussels and Berlin, Tsipras and Varoufakis presented themselves neither as radicals nor “leftists” nor even honest social democrats, but as two slightly upstart supplicants in their pleas and demands. Without underestimating the hostility they faced, it is fair to say they displayed no political courage. More than once, the Greek people found out about their “secret austerity plans” in leaks to the media: such as a 30 June letter published in the Financial Times, in which Tsipras promised the heads of the EU, the European Central Bank and the IMF to accept their basic, most vicious demands – which he has now accepted.
When the Greek electorate voted “no” on 5 July to this very kind of rotten deal, Tsipras said, “Come Monday and the Greek government will be at the negotiating table after the referendum with better terms for the Greek people”. Greeks had not voted for “better terms”. They had voted for justice and for sovereignty, as they had done on January 25.
The day after the January election a truly democratic and, yes, radical government would have stopped every euro leaving the country, repudiated the “illegal and odious” debt – as Argentina did successfully – and expedited a plan to leave the crippling Eurozone. But there was no plan. There was only a willingness to be “at the table” seeking “better terms”.
The true nature of Syriza has been seldom examined and explained. To the foreign media it is no more than “leftist” or “far left” or “hardline” – the usual misleading spray. Some of Syriza’s international supporters have reached, at times, levels of cheer leading reminiscent of the rise of Barack Obama. Few have asked: Who are these “radicals”? What do they believe in?
In 2013, Yanis Varoufakis wrote: “Should we welcome this crisis of European capitalism as an opportunity to replace it with a better system? Or should we be so worried about it as to embark upon a campaign for stabilising capitalism? To me, the answer is clear. Europe’s crisis is far less likely to give birth to a better alternative to capitalism… I bow to the criticism that I have campaigned on an agenda founded on the assumption that the left was, and remains, squarely defeated… Yes, I would love to put forward [a] radical agenda. But, no, I am not prepared to commit the [error of the British Labour Party following Thatcher’s victory]… What good did we achieve in Britain in the early 1980s by promoting an agenda of socialist change that British society scorned while falling headlong into Thatcher’s neoliberal trip? Precisely none. What good will it do today to call for a dismantling of the Eurozone, of the European Union itself…?”
Varoufakis omits all mention of the Social Democratic Party that split the Labour vote and led to Blairism. In suggesting people in Britain “scorned socialist change” – when they were given no real opportunity to bring about that change – he echoes Blair.
The leaders of Syriza are revolutionaries of a kind – but their revolution is the perverse, familiar appropriation of social democratic and parliamentary movements by liberals groomed to comply with neo-liberal drivel and a social engineering whose authentic face is that of Wolfgang Schauble, Germany’s finance minister, an imperial thug. Like the Labour Party in Britain and its equivalents among former social democratic parties such as the Labor Party in Australia, still describing themselves as “liberal” or even “left”, Syriza is the product of an affluent, highly privileged, educated middle class, “schooled in postmodernism”, as Alex Lantier wrote.
For them, class is the unmentionable, let alone an enduring struggle, regardless of the reality of the lives of most human beings. Syriza’s luminaries are well-groomed; they lead not the resistance that ordinary people crave, as the Greek electorate has so bravely demonstrated, but “better terms” of a venal status quo that corrals and punishes the poor. When merged with “identity politics” and its insidious distractions, the consequence is not resistance, but subservience. “Mainstream” political life in Britain exemplifies this.
This is not inevitable, a done deal, if we wake up from the long, postmodern coma and reject the myths and deceptions of those who claim to represent us, and fight.
The Greek debt, as such, is mostly not Greek debt. The debt which Germany and other nations are demanding that they pay for, is money that the Greeks never got! So the Greeks don’t owe that money. This was a swindle, because the Greeks didn’t incur that debt.
Lyndon LaRouche, Feb. 17, 2015
What Americans need to know about Greece and “its debt,” is that the new Greek government is asking the European Union to shut down a huge Wall Street-London bank swindle and make economic growth possible again in Europe.
If that doesn’t happen, the worsening bankruptcy of the whole trans-Atlantic banking system will continue to generate desperate confrontations with major powers Russia and China, with the threat of world war.
The rest of Europe, so far, is refusing to shut that Wall Street swindle down, and today Obama’s Treasury Secretary Jack Lew backed up that refusal, including by a threatening phone call to the Greek finance minister.
What Obama, Merkel, et al. are demanding Greece do, instead of shutting down this Europe-wide swindle by the banks, is run a budget surplus of 4.5% of its annual economy, exclusively to pay the “Greek debt.” In U.S. terms? That would mean the United States running a government tax surplus of $750 billion a year, in order to pay down debt. You won’t hear Obama or Lew volunteering to try it; it is impossible.
The “Greek debt” swindle is the same one as the TARP bailout here, and the Federal Reserve’s printing of $4 trillion in new money to cover Wall Street’s debts; and its perpetrators are the same huge banks.
In the United States, the big banks took millions of subprime, unrepayable mortgages sold by their captive mortgage companies, and made them into toxic securities which blew up the financial system and the whole economy in 2008; the government bailed them out, while our living standards plunged.
In Europe, the banks bought the mortgage securities from the U.S. banks. At the same time they made millions of unrepayable subprime loans of their own — not only to homeowners, but also to governments without the means to repay them, like those of Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Hungary, and others. Big Wall Street banks were involved, particularly Goldman Sachs, which created “magic” derivatives: Take a bank loan to Greece, make it look like a mere “currency swap” rather than a debt — but turn it into a much bigger debt ten years later.
All this European subprime debt blew up on the big banks in 2009, a year after the U.S. subprime debt blew up on them. Then the European governments allsuperindebted themselves, to create a $1 trillion “European TARP” called by the initials EFSF. They bailed the megabanks out, with the IMF pitching in, using “only” about $600 billion to pay the unpayable “subprime government debt” part of it. $275 billion paid “Greek debt.”
This immense bank bailout got passed through the Greek, Irish, etc. governments, which passed it immediately on to the banks which had been their “subprime lenders.”
We have to spill this thing as a leading issue in the U.S. You can sink Wall Street on this one. If you sink the Greek swindle, you’re going to start a chain-reaction explosion of the international trans-Atlantic system, like the Wall Street system and similar things, the British andothers. They are the ones who owe the debt, not the Greeks.
The Greek debt swindle was classic. In 2009 Greece’s debt was $300 billion. It then “got” two huge bailouts in 2010 and 2012, of about $140 billion each. Less than 10% of that $275 billion stayed in Greece and was spent by the Greek government; more than 90% went directly and immediately to Deutsche Bank, HSBC, JPMorgan Chase, and their fellow sharks, with small amounts crumbling to the hedge funds swimming alongside. Former Greek Labor and Social Security Minister Louka Katseli has given documentation that the Greek government actually got to spend or invest just 3% of that $275 billion. The only banks which had to write off their “Greek debt” were Greek banks; all of Wall Street and the London-centered banks got their toxic debt “assets” guaranteed 100% by this European bailout swindle. This made the Greek banks so bankrupt that the Greek government then had to borrow more to bail them out with $50 billion — so Greece’s debt was increased when supposedly being reduced! A total swindle!
Then, between 2010 and today, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, etc. were ordered to pay the bill for this huge new Europe-wide bank bailout debt. They imposed a slashing domestic austerity until their people emigrated, death rates rose and birth rates fell, and clouds of wood smoke rose over modern cities whose inhabitants could no longer afford modern heat. After five years of this punishment, Greece’s $300 billion debt has become $350 billion or so — after $250 billion passed through to the banks!
And the other European countries are also on the hook for this phony debt, all of it. They guaranteed it; Greece and Ireland and the other austerity-crushed countries can’t pay it, so the rest of Europe must either agree to reorganize that debt and write it down, or their taxpayers will pay for the swindle.
This is why the new Greek government now demands that Europe shut down this global bank swindle: Write off the unpayable debt; invest in reviving economic productivity by building new economic infrastructure.
In addition, the megabanks have to be put through a Glass-Steagall reorganization and broken up.
To which Lyndon LaRouche has added:
“This thing has to be put loud and clear on every doorstep in the United States. If you want to avoid World War III, that’s what you’ll do.”
Meanwhile, in Ukraine, after the forces of the fascist Kiev regime fled under fire today from encircled Debaltsevo, an actual ceasefire is now in effect, however fragile, and heavy weapons are being withdrawn from the front lines by both sides, as agreed by the leaders of the French, German, Ukrainian, and Russian governments at Minsk last week. To make it an enduring ceasefire, all we need do now, is immediately remove Nazi Victoria Nuland from the State Department.
Under circumstances of a quasi-world crash of financial markets, the government submitted to the European Stability Mechanism for re-financing. Requesting a new debt for the old. With this application, the country most directly subordinate to the permanent mechanism for controlled bankruptcy and dissolution.
The ESM is not something simple. It is a controlled bankruptcy institution based in Luxembourg for the eurozone countries that are unable to cope with their debts. The Treaty on the ESM is but one debt treaty to protect the euro. The board and the CEO have ultimate authority over the Member States must comply “unconditionally and irrevocably” as defined in the verbatim Treaty establishing the ESM. In essence it is about the set up of an uncontrolled organization based in Luxembourg that is not subject to any control and no authority, legal or other form.
Let’s see what is foreseen under the Establishing Treaty on the ESM. Succinctly with Article 32 par. 2 of the Treaty: “The ESM has full legal personality and has full legal capacity:
a) to acquire and dispose of movable and immovable property,
b) to contract,
c) to institute legal proceedings and
d) to conclude an agreement and / or protocols for the seat as necessary, to ensure the recognition and enforcement of the legal status and privileges and immunities. ”
The par. 3 of the same article states: “The ESM, real estate, its resources and its assets, regardless of location and owner, shall be immune from any form of legal proceedings, unless the ESM expressly waive its immunity for the purposes of any procedure, under the terms of any contract, including documentation of financial instruments.”
The par. 4 of the same article states: “The property, funds and assets of the ESM, regardless of location and holder, be immune from search, requisition, confiscation, expropriation or any other form of seizure, removal or detention under executive , judicial, administrative or legislative measures. ”
The par. 5 and 6 of the same article states: “The archives of the ESM and all documents belonging to the ESM or held to be inviolable. The premises of the ESM’s facilities shall be inviolable.”
While par. 8 and 9 of the same article states: “To the extent necessary for the performance of activities provided for in this Treaty, all property, funds and assets of the ESM shall not be subject to any restriction, regulation , control and moratoria of any nature. The ESM is exempted from any authorization or licensing obligation as a credit institution, investment services provider or other official licensed or regulated entity under the laws of each member of the ESM. ”
In fact Article 32 par. 8 of the Treaty establishing the ESM out: “To the extent necessary for the performance of activities provided for in this Treaty, all property, funds and assets of the ESM shall not be subject to any restrictions, regulation, control and moratoria of any nature. ”
In other words, the loans and the guarantees will be distracted by the ESM from the Member State which is under the tutelage of “not subject to any restriction, regulation, control and moratoria of any nature.” And so the debtor Member State is bound to suffer that decided in absentia without even the right to negotiate in order to supposedly achieve any restrictions, regulations, controls and moratoria in how the lending by the ESM will take place.
What happens when the ESM shall authorize the opening of a new financing program for Greece? Then drawn up “with the member of ESM memorandum of understanding (” MK “) describing in detail the conditions to be attached to facilitate financial assistance. The content of the MK reflects the weaknesses to be addressed and the financial assistance instrument chosen. “(Article 13, par. 3) Therefore any new funding must be accompanied by a” Memorandum of Understanding “, such as those imposed on us until today.
The new is that the “MK [Memorandum of Understanding] is fully consistent with the provisions for coordination of economic policies provided for in the TFEU [Operation Treaty on European Union], especially any acts of European Union law, including any opinion, warning, recommendation or a decision addressed to the ESM Member concerned. “(in the same article) that this time the Memorandum is a bilateral agreement with the state in funding, such as Greece, the result of a specific loan agreement. It falls to the TFEU and EU law.
What does this mean; It means that the application of the Memorandum is not something separate from our country’s participation in the “European integration” and therefore compliance with the memorandum, included in Article 28 of the Constitution “provides for restrictions on the exercise of national sovereignty,” to facilitate “participation of the Country in European integration,” as expressly mentioned in the explanatory statement of this article.
That is why the ‘European Commission signs the MK on behalf of the ESM “(par. 4), and also the’ European Commission – in cooperation with the ECB and wherever possible, together with the IMF – made responsible for monitoring the compliance with the conditions attached to the financial assistance facility. “(para. 5).
In other words the Member State that borrows directly from the ESM loses not only its national sovereignty, but its very state of existence. The government must “unconditionally and irrevocably” follow exactly what the European Commission and the Governing Board of the ESM decides. In other words, with our accession to the ESM, as the country Greece we are finished. We are converted into a plot in a liquidation mechanism. And all this with the left in government.
Posted by Dimitris Kazakis at 12:29 am
Translated by Kosmas Loumakis
4 days after the Greek people’s resounding “NO to the continuation of negotiations with the EU / ECB on the Greek people’s expense”, the Greek government yesterday announced that they will apply that Greece be incorporated in the super state EMS “help activities” so therefore in practice it cease to exist as an independent and sovereign nation. That is how Tsipras and the European Goebbels media interpreted the Greek people’s NO last Sunday. The ESM is a supranational organization, which was inaugurated October 8, 2012 and which as a legal entity in principle have the same rights as an independent state.
The masks have really fallen and now all of Greece sees who is really who, and that it only is two sides that actually exist in this ugly game and on the Greek people’s expense. Actually on all the European peoples expense, and with democracy shackled to both hands and feet. The people of Greece are not divided due to the referendum as the media mean. On the contrary, the Greeks are a more united people than ever, and the poisonous civil war doctrine, the left-right politics, begin to blur and instead people increasingly judge persons and behaviour under the parameters Democrat or anti-Democrat and of Greece and the Greek people’s best or banks and the business elite’s best. These exist in all parties (though quite thin on “democrats” in the Golden Dawn presumably).
“One should be quite clear with the fact that the only two real parties in this ugly pan-European game is the EU oligarchs and their serving-governments with their “diabolical” propaganda apparatus on the one hand, and the European nations, excluded its financial, business and political elite, on the other side.” I wrote this a few days ago and this truth is good to keep fresh in mind during the coming weeks “EU’s play”.
When will people really start to wonder when the hell all these super organizations was passed? When was the Europeans informed adequately on this? Did they have their say in this context? How many know today what the ESM really is?
Quick video explanation what the ESM actually is:
Strange that the educated and well articulate journalists have such difficulties to interpret a word of only three letters. The tens of thousands of banners and posters all over Greece as well as the approximately 4 million Greeks slogans on streets and squares in recent days, were not clear enough, says both the news parrots and their own government.
The panic among news readers, commentators and assorted “experts” in the Greek TV channels, was complete last night. So much drivel and hair-raising theories about how to interpret this NO. Most of them managed to twist it to that “NO meant “NO to a break with the EU”. And then the Swedish lawmakers on sex crimes claim that NO always is a NO. What about the rape case of Greece?
The interpretations, over the whole range, of course was that NO actually means yes and that no one in Greece really wants to leave the euro and the EU. Despite the fact that people across the country have spoken of “NO to the occupation”, which is how we all see the Eurogroup’s and in particular the German government’s role in Greece. These parrots need to broaden the horizons a little bit and stop drinking their coffee only in the highly polished in-cafés, where both staff and guests poses with the ridiculously bleached jaws and the ridiculously unnatural smiles.
Then came the real “turn off”, Tsipras own “victory speech”, in which he assured that he does not take the Greeks vote as if he had been commissioned to break with Europe, but to negotiate better terms for the “cooperation”. Firstly, you never call a choke leash “cooperation”, and secondly, we want him to throw off his choke leash and begin to actually lay the issues of the legitimacy of the debt and the agreements legitimacy on the table, and with the support in international law and even on the advice from the UN’s own human rights adviser, to refuse to pay the creditors and announce that Greece will not pay the debt and declare the debt and the loan agreement illegal.
Let the international courts deal with the matter and in the meantime Greece will not pay a single euro of the legally challenged debt. Why this would pose any problem to the Greeks, no sensible person who manages to count has really understood, despite all the doomsday propaganda in the media? If the Greeks do not pay usury-debt and therefore do not need to take new loans to pay back the last five years forced, unfair loans, there is enough money for salaries, pensions, healthcare, education, infrastructure, social and health insurances and necessities for the people.
That is in any case, what a Prime Minister and a government that works for its people and not for the banks and businessmen would do.
If someone, with such “wind in the sails” and with the main international legal bodies advice to refuse to pay, still doesn’t interpret a NO as a “NO to this sort of Europe”, one clearly have different allegiances than what one show. So his own interpretation was thus NYES. His victory speech sounded as if it was YES the people said. Didn’t he read the banners and didn’t he hear the slogans, or didn’t he see the graffiti across Athens that said “NO” and “RAUS”? Didn’t his party members pass the people’s “don’t you dare” message to any further negotiations with EU/ECB, on the people’s sacrifices, on the illegal debt and its inhumane choke leash called “loan agreement”? “Even if this would mean to leave the euro and a break with the EU,” was the clear message that echoed throughout Greece to the government on Sunday.
What this referendum has done and that actually is of great value, is that it caused a climate of panic where all masks has finally fallen and they have revealed themselves and their real purposes to the people. Today we clearly see what real loyalties each and every one has and whose interests they are working for. The political leadership, the news channels, the terrorized YES voters, the pretending democrats and the pretending left has been unmasked. Those who have maintained and lived on the corruption and the nepotism which overturned Greece now stands “nude” and with “their hand up to the elbow in the cookie jar.”
This can force Tsipras to new elections and a wider coalition or a new technocrat government type Papademo’s government. In the worst case, a military dictatorship to put the Greeks in the “plaster cradle” again as that psychopath-colonel, dictator and CIA agent Papadopoulos put it, in April 21, 1967. It will be very interesting to see how the vast majority of SYRIZA will react to Tsipras, to say the least, treacherous NO interpretation. It is doubtful whether he can handle this to the end of the month, to not say the end of the week, as he again reappears to the negotiations in political “shorts” to communicate the Greek people’s position to the Brussels and Berlin commandants.
I sure hope they refueled the helicopters!
sign says we say NO to the ockupation
by Leonidas Chrysanthopoulos, Ambassador ad.H.
Published in Diario de Noticias 29.06.2015
After five months of fruitless negotiations between Greece and its lenders, the Greek Prime Minister blasted the Institutions for submitting proposals that would destroy Greece and humiliate its people. So he proposed that a referendum be held next Sunday with the question of whether or not the Greek people support the EU proposals. On Sunday morning parliament adopted the proposal and the referendum will be held next Sunday.
The EU proposals were rejected because they would have devastating effects on the country. They anticipated reduction of wages and pensions, increase in food prices and other measures affecting the middle and lower classes.
The EU never expected that the Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras would dare ask for a referendum. Now attempts will be made by the EU and other circles to prevent the referendum from happening as was done in 2010. Already Christine Lagarde of the IMF made statements today saying that the Referendum will be invalid because after Tuesday the proposals will no longer exist. The Eurogroup also rejected a request from Greece to extend the exisiting program until after the referendum. Consequently as from Tuesday, the so-called financing of Greece from the institutions will stop and Greece will be obliged to pay its outstanding debt to the IMF. More attempts will take place during the week by creating panic to the people in the means of preventing access to their accounts, fomenting internal unrest etc. The EU is good in this. We saw what happened in Kiev in December 2013. But panic exists in the EU where the fear is spreading that the eurozone is collapsing.
If the outcome of the referendum is NO, then presumabely the government will inform the institutions of the will of the Greek people. It cannot be excluded that the Government denounces the Loan agreement of 2010 on the basis of articles 48-52 of the Vienna Treaty on Treaties which anticipate under which conditions an international treaty is null and void,and it covers the Greek case too. The denunciation in written form will be sent to the Secretary general of the UN, since the Vienna Treaty has been deposited at the UN, and Greece will legally stop all payments to the lenders since the Loan Agreement will be null and void. The money kept will help Greece in its road towards economic recovery. The next step will be the gradual and orderly exit of Greece from the eurozone, which will take place in a period of six months to one year. This position is also supported by the Unified Popular Front (EPAM), a party of which I am a member, and it will actively participate in support of the no vote.
If the outcome of the referendum is yes then the road for Greece to achieve colonial status will become a reality.
We are witnessing an incredible event, the EU destroying its member-states. During the last five years, the member states of the Eurozone, the EU as an institution, the IMF which is only a specialized agency of the UN, and the previous Greek governments,have violated most existing international treaties on the respect for human rights, i.e. the Lisbon treaty, the International Covenant of economic, social and cultural rights, the UN Charter etc, making them also criminally responsible for these violations. But this not our EU, it is not the EU that neither Greece, Portugal or Spain joined. It is an aberration.
I personally hope that this Greek revolution spreads to Portugal and Spain and to the other EU countries for the benefit of the peoples of Europe and of humanity.
The question of the referendum vote is whether the Greek people except the positions that were submitted in an ultimatum form on Thursday night to the Greek government.
Introduction: The Greek government is currently locked in a life and death struggle with the elite which dominate the banks and political decision-making centers of the European Union. What are at stake are the livelihoods of 11 million Greek workers, employees and small business people and the viability of the European Union.
If the ruling Syriza government capitulates to the demands of the EU bankers and agrees to continue the austerity programs, Greece will be condemned to decades of regression, destitution and colonial rule. If Greece decides to resist, and is forced to exit the EU, it will need to repudiate its 270 billion Euro foreign debts, sending the international financial markets crashing and causing the EU to collapse.
The leadership of the EU is counting on Syriza leaders abandoning their commitments to the Greek electorate, which as of early February 2015, is overwhelmingly (over 70%) in favor of ending austerity and debt payments and moving forward toward state investment in national economic and social development (Financial Times 7-8/2/15, p. 3). The choices are stark; the consequences have world-historical significance. The issues go far beyond local or even regional, time-bound, impacts. The entire global financial system will be affected (FT 10/2/15, p. 2).
The default will ripple to all creditors and debtors, far beyond Europe; investor confidence in the entire western financial empire will be shaken. First and foremost all western banks have direct and indirect ties to the Greek banks (FT 2/6/15, p. 3). When the latter collapse, they will be profoundly affected beyond what their governments can sustain. Massive state intervention will be the order of the day. The Greek government will have no choice but to take over the entire financial system . . . the domino effect will first and foremost effect Southern Europe and spread to the ‘dominant regions’ in the North and then across to England and North America (FT 9/2/15, p. 2).
To understand the origins of this crises and alternatives facing Greece and the EU, it is necessary to briefly survey the political and economic developments of the past three decades. We will proceed by examining Greek and EU relations between 1980 – 2000 and then proceed to the current collapse and EU intervention in the Greek economy. In the final section we will discuss the rise and election of Syriza, and its growing submissiveness in the context of EU dominance, and intransigence, highlighting the need for a radical break with the past relationship of ‘lord and vassal’.
Ancient History: The Making of the European Empire
In 1980 Greece was admitted to the European Economic Council as a vassal state of the emerging Franco-German Empire. With the election of Andreas Papandreou, leader of the Pan-Hellenic Socialist Party, with an absolute majority in Parliament, hope arose that radical changes in domestic and foreign policy would ensue.1/ In particular, during the election campaign, Papandreou promised a break with NATO and the EEC, the revoking of the US military base agreement and an economy based on ‘social ownership’ of the means of production. After being elected, Papandreou immediately assured the EEC and Washington that his regime would remain within the EEC and NATO, and renewed the US military base agreement. Studies in the early 1980’s commissioned by the government which documented the medium and long-term adverse results of Greece remaining in the EEU, especially the loss of control of trade, budgets and markets, were ignored by Papandreou who chose to sacrifice political independence and economic autonomy in favor of large scale transfers of funds, loans and credit from the EEC. Papandreou spoke from the balcony to the masses of independence and social justice while retaining ties to the European bankers and Greek shipping and banking oligarchs. The European elite in Brussels and Greek oligarchs in Athens retained a stranglehold on the commanding heights of the Greek political and economic system.
Papandreou retained the clientelistic political practices put in place by the previous right-wing regimes – only replacing the rightist functionaries with PASOK party loyalists.
The EEC brushed off Papandreou’ phony radical rhetoric and focused on the the fact they were buying control and subservience of the Greek state by financing a corrupt, clientelistic regime which was deflecting funds for development projects to upgrade Greek economic competitiveness into building a patronage machine based on increased consumption.
The EEC elite ultimately knew that its financial stranglehold over the economy would enable it to dictate Greek policy and keep it within the boundaries of the emerging European empire.
Papandreou’s demagogic “third world” rhetoric notwithstanding, Greece was deeply ensconced in the EU and NATO. Between 1981-85, Papandreou discarded his socialist rhetoric in favor of increased social spending for welfare reforms, raising wages, pensions and health coverage, while refinancing bankrupt economic firms run into the ground by kleptocratic capitalists. As a result while living standards rose, Greece’s economic structure still resembled a vassal state heavily dependent on EEC finance, European tourists and a rentier economy based on real estate, finance and tourism.
Papandreou solidified Greece’s role as a vassal outpost of NATO; a military platform for US military intervention in the Middle East and the eastern Mediterranean; and market for German and northern European manufactured goods.
From October 1981 to July 1989 Greek consumption rose while productivity stagnated; Papandreou won elections in 1985 using EEC funds. Meanwhile Greek debt to Europe took off … EEC leaders chastised the misallocation of funds by Papandreou’s vast army of kleptocrats but not too loudly. Brussels recognized that Papandreou and PASOK were the most effective forces in muzzling the radical Greek electorate and keeping Greece under EEC tutelage and as a loyal vassal of NATO.
Lessons for Syriza: PASOK’s Short-term Reforms and Strategic Vassalage
Whether in government or out, PASOK followed in the footsteps of its rightwing adversary (New Democracy) by embracing the NATO-EEC strait-jacket.
Greece continued to maintain the highest per capita military expenditure of any European NATO member. As a result, it received loans and credits to finance short-term social reforms and large scale, long-term corruption, while enlarging the party-state political apparatus.
With the ascent of the openly neoliberal Prime Minister Costas Simitis in 2002, the PASOK regime “cooked the books”, fabricated government data on its budget deficit, with the aid of Wall Street investment banks, and became a member of the European Monetary Union. By adopting the euro, Simitis furthered deepened Greece’s financial subordination to the non-elected European officials in Brussels, dominated by the German finance ministry and banks.
The oligarchs in Greece made room at the top for a new breed of PASOK kleptocratic elite, which skimmed millions of military purchases, committed bank frauds and engaged in massive tax evasion.
The Brussels elite allowed the Greek middle class to live their illusions of being ‘prosperous Europeans’ because they retained decisive leverage through loans and accumulating debts.
Large scale bank fraud involving three hundred million euros even reached ex-Prime Minister Papandreou’s office.
The clientele relations within Greece were matched by the clientele relations between Brussels and Athens.
Even prior to the crash of 2008 the EU creditors, private bankers and official lenders, set the parameters of Greek politics. The global crash revealed the fragile foundations of the Greek state – and led directly to the crude, direct interventions of the European Central Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the European Commission – the infamous “Troika”. The latter dictated the ‘austerity’ policies as a condition for the “bail-out” which devastated the economy, provoking a major depression; impoverishing over forty percent of the population, reducing incomes by 25% and resulting in 28% unemployment.
Greece: Captivity by Invitation
Greece as a political and economic captive of the EU had no political party response. Apart from the trade unions which launched thirty general strikes between 2009 – 2014, the two major parties, PASOK and New Democracy, invited the EU takeover. The degeneration of PASOK into an appendage of oligarchs and vassal collaborator of the EU emptied the ‘socialist’ rhetoric of any meaning. The right wing New Democracy Party reinforced and deepened the stranglehold of the EU over the Greek economy. The troika lent the Greek vassal state funds(“bail-out”) which was used to pay back German, French and English financial oligarchs and to buttress private Greek banks. The Greek population was ‘starved’ by ‘austerity’ policies to keep the debt payments flowing-outward and upward.
Europe: Union or Empire?
The European economic crash of 2008/09 resounded worst on its weakest links – Southern Europe and Ireland. The true nature of the European Union as a hierarchical empire, in which the powerful states – Germany and France – could openly and directly control investment, trade, monetary and financial policy was revealed. The much vaunted EU “bailout” of Greece was in fact the pretext for the imposition of deep structural changes. These included the denationalization and privatization of all strategic economic sectors; perpetual debt payments; foreign dictates of incomes and investment policy. Greece ceased to be an independent state:it was totally and absolutely colonized.
Greece’s Perpetual Crises: The End of the “European Illusion”
The Greek elite and, for at least 5 years, most of the electorate, believed that the regressive (“austerity”) measures adopted – the firings, the budget cuts, the privatizations etc. were short-term harsh medicine, that would soon lead to debt reduction, balanced budgets, new investments, growth and recovery. At least that is what they were told by the economic experts and leaders in Brussels.
In fact the debt increased, the downward economic spiral continued, unemployment multiplied, the depression deepened. ‘Austerity’ was a class based policy designed by Brussels to enrichoverseas bankers and to plunder the Greek public sector.
The key to EU pillage and plunder was the loss of Greek sovereignty. The two major parties ,New Democracy and PASOK, were willing accomplices. Despite a 55% youth (16 – 30 years old) unemployment rate, the cut-off of electricity to 300,000 households and large scale out-migration (over 175,000), the EU (as was to be expected) refused to concede that the ‘austerity’ formula was a failure in recovering the Greek economy. The reason the EU dogmatically stuck to a ‘failed policy’ was because the EU benefited from the power, privilege and profits of pillage and imperial primacy.
Moreover, for the Brussels elite to acknowledge failure in Greece would likely result in the demand to recognize failure in the rest of Southern Europe and beyond, including in France Italy and other key members of the EU (Economist 1/17/15, p. 53). The ruling financial and business elites in Europe and the US prospered through the crises and depression, by imposing cuts in social budgets and wages and salaries. To concede failure in Greece, would reverberate throughout North America and Europe, calling into question their economic policies, ideology and the legitimacy of the ruling powers. The reason that all the EU regimes back the EU insistence that Greece must continue to abide by an obviously perverse and regressive ‘austerity’ policy and impose reactionary “structural reforms” is because these very same rulers have sacrificed the living standards of their own labor force during the economic crises (FT2/13/15, p. 2).
The economic crises spanning 2008/9 to the present (2015), still requires harsh sacrifices to perpetuate ruling class profits and to finance state subsidies to the private banks. Every major financial institution – the European Central Bank, the European Commission and the IMF – toes the line: no dissent or deviation is allowed. Greece must accept EU dictates or face major financial reprisals. “Economic strangulation or perpetual debt peonage” is the lesson which Brussels tends to all member states of the EU. While ostensibly speaking to Greece – it is a message directed to all states, opposition movements and trade unions who call into question the dictates of the Brussels oligarchy and its Berlin overlords.
All the major media and leading economic pundits have served as megaphones for the Brussel oligarchs. The message, which is repeated countless times, by liberals, conservatives and social democrats to the victimized nations and downwardly mobile wage and salaried workers, and small businesspeople, is that they have no choice but to accept regressive measure, slashing living conditions (“reforms”) if they hope for ‘economic recovery’ – which, of course, has not happened after five years!
Greece has become the central target of the economic elites in Europe because, the Greek people have gone from inconsequential protests to political powers. The election of Syriza on a platform of recovering sovereignty, discarding austerity and redefining its relations with creditors to favor national development has set the stage for a possible continent-wide confrontation.
The Rise of Syriza: Dubious Legacies, Mass Struggles and Radical (Broken) Promises
The growth of Syriza from an alliance of small Marxist sects into a mass electoral party is largely because of the incorporation of millions of lower middle class public employees, pensioners and small businesspeople. Many previously supported PASOK. They voted Syriza in order to recover the living conditions and job security of the earlier period of “prosperity” (2000-2007) which they achieved within the EU. Their radical rejection of PASOK and New Democracy came after 5 years of acute suffering which might have provoked a revolution in some other country. Their radicalism began with protests, marches and strikes were attempts to pressure the rightwing regimes to alter the EU’s course, to end the austerity while retaining membership in the EU.
This sector of SYRIZA is ‘radical’ in what it opposes today and conformist with its nostalgia for the past. –the time of euro funded vacation trips to London and Paris, easy credit to purchase imported cars and foodstuffs, to ‘feel modern’ and ‘European’ and speak English!
The politics of Syriza reflects, in part, this ambiguous sector of its electorate. In contrast Syriza also secured the vote of the radical unemployed youth and workers who never were part of the consumer society and didn’t identify with “Europe”. Syriza has emerged as a mass electoral party in the course of less than five years and its supporters and leadership reflects a high degree of heterogeneity.
The most radical sector, ideologically, is drawn mostly from the Marxist groups which originally came together to form the party. The unemployed youth sector joined, following the anti-police riots, which resulted from the police assassination of a young activist during the early years of the crisis. The third wave is largely made up of thousands of public workers, who were fired, and retired employees who suffered big cuts in their pensions by order of the troika in 2012. The fourth wave is ex PASOK members who fled the sinking ship of a bankrupt party.
The Syriza Left is concentrated at the mass base and among local and middle level leaders of local movements. The top leaders of Syriza in power positions are academics, some from overseas. Many are recent members or are not even party members. Few have been involved in the mass struggles – and many have few ties with the rank and file militants. They are most eager to sign a “deal” selling out the impoverished Greeks
As Syriza moved toward electoral victory in 2015, it began to shed its original program of radical structural changes (socialism) and adopt measures aimed at accommodating Greek business interests. Tsipras talked about “negotiating an agreement” within the framework of the German dominated European Union. Tsipras and his Finance Minister proposed to re-negotiate the debt, the obligation to pay and 70% of the “reforms”! When an agreement was signed they totally capitulated!
For a brief time Syriza maintained a dual position of ‘opposing’ austerity and coming to agreement with its creditors. It’s “realist” policies reflected the positions of the new academic ministers, former PASOK members and downwardly mobile middle class. Syriza’s radical gestures and rhetoric reflected the pressure of the unemployed, the youth and the mass poor who stood to lose, if a deal to pay the creditors was negotiated.
EU – SYRIZA: Concessions before Struggle Led to Surrender and Defeat
The “Greek debt” is really not a debt of the Greek people. The institutional creditors and the Euro-banks knowingly lent money to high risk kleptocrats, oligarchs and bankers who siphoned most of the euros into overseas Swiss accounts, high end real estate in London and Paris, activity devoid of any capacity to generate income to pay back the debt. In other words, the debt, in large part, is illegitimate and was falsely foisted on the Greek people.
Syriza, from the beginning of ‘negotiations’, did not call into question the legitimacy of the debt nor identified the particular classes and enterprise who should pay it.
Secondly, while Syriza challenged “austerity” policies it did not question the Euro organizations and EU institutions who impose it.
From its beginning Syriza has accepted membership in the EU. In the name of “realism” the Syriza government accepted to pay the debt or a portion of it, as the basis of negotiation.
Structurally, Syriza has developed a highly centralized leadership in which all major decisions are taken by Alexis Tsipras. His personalistic leadership limits the influence of the radicalized rank and file. It facilitated “compromises” with the Brussels oligarchy which go contrary to the campaign promises and may lead to the perpetual dependence of Greece on EU centered policymakers and creditors.
Moreover, Tsipras has tightened party discipline in the aftermath of his election, ensuring that any dubious compromises will not lead to any public debate or extra-parliamentary revolt.
The Empire against Greece’s Democratic Outcome
The EU elite have, from the moment in which Syriza received a democratic mandate, followed the typical authoritarian course of all imperial rulers. It has demanded from Syriza (1)unconditional surrender (2) the continuation of the structures, policies and practices of the previous vassal coalition party-regimes (PASOK-New Democracy) (3) that Syriza shelve all social reforms, (raising the minimum wage, increasing pension, health, education and unemployment spending (4) that SYRIZA follow the strict economic directives and oversight formulated by the “troika” (the European Commission, the European Central Bank, and the International Monetary Fund) (5) that SYRIZA retain the current primary budget surplus target of 4.5 percent of economic output in 2015-2017.
To enforce its strategy of strangulating the new government, Brussels threatened to abruptly cut off all present and future credit facilities, call in all debt payments, end access to emergency funds and refuse to back Greek bank bonds – that provide financial loans to local businesses.
Brussels presents Syriza with the fateful “choice”, of committing political suicide by accepting its dictates and alienating its electoral supporters. By betraying its mandate, Syriza will confront angry mass demonstrations. Rejecting Brussels’ dictates and proceeding to mobilize its mass base, Syriza could seek new sources of financing, imposing capital controls and moving toward a radical “emergency economy”.
Brussel has “stone-walled” and turned a deaf ear to the early concessions which Syriza offered. Instead Brussels sees concessions as ‘steps’ toward complete capitulation, instead of as efforts to reach a “compromise”.
Syriza has already dropped calls for large scale debt write-offs, in favor of extending the time frame for paying the debt. Syriza has agreed to continue debt payments, provided they are linked to the rate of economic growth. Syriza accepts European oversight, provided it is not conducted by the hated “troika”, which has poisonous connotations for most Greeks. However, semantic changes do not change the substance of “limited sovereignty”.
Syriza has already agreed to long and middle term structural dependency in order to securetime and leeway in financing its short-term popular impact programs. All that Syriza asks is minimum fiscal flexibility under supervision of the German finance minister-some “radicals”!
Syriza has temporarily suspended on-going privatization of key infrastructure (sea- ports and airport facilities) energy and telecommunication sectors. But is has not terminated them, norrevised the past privatization. But for Brussels “sell-off” of Greek lucrative strategic sectors is an essential part of its “structural reform” agenda.
Syriza’s moderate proposals and its effort to operate within the EU framework established by the previous vassal regimes was rebuffed by Germany and its 27 stooges in the EU.
The EU’s dogmatic affirmation of extremist, ultra neo-liberal policies, including the practice of dismantling Greece’s national economy and transferring the most lucrative sectors into the hands of imperial investors, is echoed in the pages of all the major print media. The Financial Times, Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Washington Post, Le Monde are propaganda arms of EU extremism. Faced with Brussel’s intransigence and confronting the ‘historic choice’ of capitulation or radicalization, Syriza tried persuasion of key regimes. Syriza held numerous meetings with EU ministers. Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and Finance Minister Yanis Vardoulakis traveled to Paris, London, Brussels, Berlin and Rome seeking a “compromise” agreement. This was to no avail. The Brussels elite repeatedly insisted:
Debts would have to be paid in full and on time.
Greece should restrict spending to accumulate a 4.5% surplus that would ensure payments to creditors, investors, speculators and kleptocrats.
The EU’s lack of any economic flexibility or willingness to accept even a minimum compromise is a political decision: to humble and destroy the credibility of SYRIZA as an anti-austerity government in the eyes of its domestic supporters and potential overseas imitators in Spain, Italy, Portugal and Ireland (Economist 1/17/15, p. 53).
The strangulation of Syriza is part and parcel of the decade long process of the EU’s assassination of Greece. A savage response to a heroic attempt by an entire people, hurled into destitution, condemned to be ruled by kleptocratic conservatives and social democrats.
Empires do not surrender their colonies through reasonable arguments or by the bankruptcy of their regressive “reforms”.
Brussel’s attitude toward Greece is guided by the policy of “rule or ruin”. “Bail out” is a euphemism for recycling financing through Greece back to Euro-controlled banks, while Greek workers and employees are saddled with greater debt and continued dominance. Brussel’s “bail out” is an instrument for control by imperial institutions, whether they are called “troika” or something else.
Brussels and Germany do not want dissenting members; they may offer to make some minor concessions so that Finance Minister Vardoulakis may claim a ‘partial victory’ – a sham and hollow euphemism for a belly crawl
The “bail out” agreement will be described by Tsipras-Vardoulakis as ‘new’ and “different’ from the past or as a ‘temporary’ retreat. The Germans may ‘allow’ Greece to lower its primary budget surplus from 4.5 to 3.5 percent ‘next year’ – but it will still reduce the funds for economic stimulus and “postpone” raises in pensions, minimum wages etc.
Privatization and other regressive reforms will not be terminated, they will be “renegotiated”. The state will retain a minority “share”.
Plutocrats will be asked to pay some added taxes but not the billions of taxes evaded over the past decades.
Nor will the PASOK – New Democracy kleptocratic operatives be prosecuted for pillage and theft.
Syriza’s compromises demonstrate that the looney right’s (the Economist, Financial Times, NY Times, etc.) characterization of Syriza as the “hard left” or the ultra-left have no basis in reality. For the Greek electorate’s “hope for the future” could turn to anger in the present. Onlymass pressure from below can reverse Syriza’s capitulation and Finance Minister Vardoulakisunsavory compromises. Since he lacks any mass base in the party, Tsipras can easily dismiss him, for signing off on “compromise” which sacrifices the basic interests of the people.
However, if in fact, EU dogmatism and intransigence forecloses even the most favorable deals, Tsipras and Syriza, (against their desires) may be forced to exit the Euro Empire and face the challenge of carving out a new truly radical policy and economy as a free and independent country.
A successful Greek exit from the German – Brussels empire would likely lead to the break-up of the EU, as other vassal states rebel and follow the Greek example. They may renounce not only austerity but their foreign debts and eternal interest payments. The entire financial empire – the so-called global financial system could be shaken . . .
Greece could once again become the ‘cradle of democracy’.
Post-Script:Thirty years ago, I was an active participant and adviser for three years (1981-84) to Prime Minister Papandreou. He, like Tsipras, began with the promise of radical changes and ended up capitulating to Brussels and NATO and embracing the oligarchs and kleptocrats in the name of “pragmatic compromises”. Let us hope, that facing a mass revolt, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and Syriza will follow a different path. History need not repeat itself as tragedy or farce.
 The account of the Andreas Papandreou regime draws on personal experience, interviews and observations and from my co-authored article “Greek Socialism: The Patrimonial State Revisited” in James Kurth and James Petras, Mediterranean Paradoxes: the Politics and Social Structure of Southern Europe (Oxford: Berg Press 1993/ pp. 160 -224)
James Petras was Director of the Center for Mediterranean Studies in Athens (1981-1984) and adviser to Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou (1981-84). He resigned in protest over the PM expulsion of leading trade unionists from PASOK for organizing a general strike against his ‘stabilization program’.
Petras is co-author of Mediterranean Paradoxes: The Politics and Social Structure of Southern Europe. His latest books include Extractive Imperialism in the Americas (with Henry Veltmeyer); and The Politics of Empire: the US, Israel and the Middle East.
Stavros Katsoulis – Reporting from Greece
The recent Euro-elections results in Greece where clear enough, for anyone to see the raw truth. The majority winner is the now well known left party that benefited from the crisis, SYRIZA, which is led by it’s young and handsome chairman Mr Alexis Tsipras. However, as we shall see, this does not by any chance lead to the conclusion that some kind of fantastic political change took place in the recent euro-elections. Nor do the raw numbers show that SYRIZA is a truly effective overall winner, when put under even the lightest of scrutinies. Additionally, if one goes on to have a deeper look at the current actual composition of this political party, then there will be no choice but to pose the important question: Is the SYRIZA party and Mr Tsipras really the solution to Greece’s problems? And if not, then what can SYRIZA do for Greece anyway?
SYRIZA, or “Radical Left Coalition” as it’s acronym means in Greek, is a party that before the crisis, was comprised of various left and leftist political groups and parties. Some of it’s members stem from the traditional communist party, others from more radical groups and some from more conservative but still self-defined as left parties or groups. During it’s relatively short lifespan, SYRIZA was always been hovering around the 4.5% mark (2007 & 2009 elections) because it is a well understood fact, that it’s radical views were not the kind of thing the Greek population’s majority would approve of under any normal circumstances. The Greek population, just like any other western world country’s citizens, would rather ascribe to the well known two party system, choose between the served red or blue poisons and repeat the process every 4-5 years.
But, all of this changed, when the crisis hit Greece around 2010. In the 2012 double general elections and after two years of devastating austerity, there was an unprecedented change in the country’s political map. The center-left Socialist party (PASOK) was decimated and we had new players in the new political situation. One of these was SYRIZA, which came out shining, with a remarkable increase of it’s power to 26,89% of the total. The other significant power that rose out of complete obscurity, was the fascist party called “Golden Dawn” which got a 6,92% of the total. It was obvious, that a large number of Greek citizens, having lived the first two years of the crisis, and the accompanying austerity, decided to become more radical, and either moved to the left or instead moved, tragically so, to the far right.
This is where it all becomes interesting. In order for SYRIZA to gain so much in these elections, it had to, shall we say, “water down” it’s original ideological composition. One may agree or disagree with the left,socialist, communist or otherwise “progressive” views, but at least SYRIZA appeared to be loyal to those ideas. And to some voters, such positions seemed to be the antidote to the tragic circumstances they found themselves in. In any case, SYRIZA accepted within it self, and continues to do so even today, high standing members or other political parties, of which the most popular, is the formerly big PASOK socialist party, which in it’s heyday was getting 45% in the elections. Today, SYRIZA has absorbed about 60% to 70% of the political personnel of PASOK, as well as personnel from other parties.
SYRIZA started to use people as it’s representatives, who until yesterday were obsessively supporting the EU/IMF instructed austerity measures and the politics that increased Greece’s debt so tremendously. And if this was not enough, SYRIZA, led by it’s chairman Mr Tsipras attended several meetings, including those facilitated by it’s former “capitalist enemies”, such as the Brookings Institute and the IMF headquarters. Were these preparations of an inexperienced leader for the rise to power, innocent “socializing” events, or simply necessary compromising? I don’t care. The fact remains: The original SYRIZA, the one that was idealistic and had some principles it respected, after the 2012 election results was now gone forever and dead.
Every opposing voice that came from within traditional SYRIZA’s radical voices, such as the opinions of Mr Lafazanis, who has been promoting the idea of exiting the Euro, were silenced or put to the side. All efforts in the emerging political mechanism of SYRIZA, were focused on gaining enough power to be able to govern the Nation in the next elections. The people within SYRIZA that rose to power, such as Mr Dragasakis, Mr Stathakis, Mr Milios and others, seemed to all fit in one single mindset: The solution was to be found within the Euro and the EU and the odious debt would have to be repaid, one way or another. After the elections of 2012, even though SYRIZA had the opportunity to create it’s own coalition government, it did not manage to accomplish it. Thus the plan of total devastation continued, this time by the only possible coalition government, which consisted mainly of the New Democracy and PASOK parties which had already separately done the lenders biddings in the previous period.
For the next two years, Greece went through the acceptance of yet more memorandums and additional loan agreements which of course, increased the total debt even more. More austerity measures ensued, more unconstitutional taxes and measures were enforced, hundreds of new unconstitutional laws were passed by the parliament using shady and undemocratic ways, unemployment rates skyrocketed, and the vanishing of even the most basic human rights, left Greece crippled and far worse than ever before. Thousands of minor, medium and large demonstrations took place, which as usual by now, were suppressed by the police, using every means it could muster, regardless of the physical pain it would cause. Health and education was destroyed almost completely, unpaid taxes reached unprecedented levels which amount to many tens of billions. Pension funds where “haircutted”, insurance payments are left unpaid by the majority. Taxes are put on private homeowners, on cars, families with many children, the elderly and even the homeless.
What did SYRIZA do, while all of this maniacal and psychopathic destruction took place? To anyone with common sense, NOTHING. That is, nothing of any significance or value to the people. Because what SYRIZA did, was to take on the role of the opposition as if this was a normal period for our Nation, just like any other. Talk and more talk, and nothing but more talk about how much they disagreed and opposed any of the government’s choices. Faced for example, by the unconstitutional and unexpected closing down of the public TV channels, SYRIZA resorted yet again to the expected verbal political critique which, albeit tough in some cases, achieved nothing.
And so, under the verbally only, critical watch of SYRIZA, the EU/IMF and memorandum friendly coalition government transformed steadily into a fascist state, which oppresses their own people in favor of big business and banking. And while this transformation occurred in the governing coalition, SYRIZA underwent it’s own. SYRIZA changed from a radical leftist group, which was supposed to at least strongly oppose big capital, bankers and their friends, to a new kind of conservative party of Greece. SYRIZA became a political oxymoron. Labeled “radical”, “left” and “progressive”, in essence it became as conservative as were their traditional enemies. High standing members of the party were found to have placed bets in various markets, in many cases expecting to win from Greece’s ongoing economic down-spiral. Naturally, through the services of this same appointed “nomenclature”, the party’s position of debt repudiation, or at least, hard negotiation due to it’s odious unethical, illegal and genocidal nature, became gradually an official acceptance of the debt status and even was expressed as promises that this debt will be repaid in full. It’s latest expressed position on the Debt, is that only about 5% of the total, is odious…
But, take for example, Mr Tsipras own statement in March 2014, at a public party gathering in Komotini, Northern Greece:
“We will not ignore the debt. Because we are not deadbeats like our friends the Germans, who since 70 years ago still have not paid their own debts to Greece”
Or read this statement of Mr Dragasakis, a high standing member of SYRIZA, well known “communist” and chairman of the Greek parliament, who, in front of Members of the German Bundestag (parliament), promised:
“If the Greek people choose SYRIZA as government, I would like you to assure the German people, that you will have in Greece a reliable political power, which will support and exit from the crisis and austerity, within the Eurozone.”
One may not see much to be impressed by these kinds of statements, except when they realize, that this party succeeded in 2012, based on a completely different rhetoric. A rhetoric, that was profoundly Eurosceptic, progressive, anti-capitalist and clearly radical. And one must really ask themselves, what exactly is meant, by “reliable”, when a political party of one country, makes promises to the MPs of another. “Reliable” for who? Because any logical person, would agree that it is not possible in todays bankers/Germany ridden EU, to be reliable for both the people of Greece and the government of Germany or the Banks/IMF…
Another question anyone must make at this point, is a critical one: How exactly does SYRIZA propose that those debts will be paid? Well, the answer is one that nobody knows yet, because it was never expressed fully and clearly by anyone there at SYRIZA. Thus one can only assume two things: Either SYRIZA has some kind of “secret ace” in their pocket, or they will be forced to follow the same recipe as the previous governments did.
But the only “ace” that can possibly be a solution, is already well known an has been expressed by many economists and other experts: The repudiation of the debt, and the correcting of the Nations economy through a new, national and debt free currency, issued by a state owned – and not privately owned- central bank. But this is something, that inexplicably, is not on the so called progressive and “people loving radical left” agenda of SYRIZA.
And all of this, brings us to the 26th of May 2014, the day after the Greek euro-elections. One would expect that the devastation that the current government brought, would make the expected win of SYRIZA as simple as childsplay. One would expect, that since SYRIZA and Mr Tsipras has all the proof, all the best arguments, all the best cards and every single advantage, that they would have convinced a massive part of the populations. But no, sorry to disappoint. It was not to be. SYRIZA, did not seem to convince. Not at all. The 2012 26.89% result, became a 26,60% in 2014! Imagine that, a loss of 0.29%, when SYRIZA could potentially have destroyed the governing coalition using any combination of hundreds of reasons and tricks of the trade, and they would not even have to lie…
Now it must be clear. SYRIZA’s apparent win, was really a tragic and massive failure. Not only did they not manage to increase the party’s percentage but they managed to even loose some. SYRIZA did not manage to convince anyone new since 2012, that it has, or is the solution. It has reached an absolute top ceiling, which in essence, makes it impossible for it to ever become a self-reliant government. If it is to ever govern after any general elections, it would have to do it, by coalition government. That is, unless it changes it’s rhetoric and does real things to oppose the genocide taking place in Greece and finally starts revealing the true nature of the crisis, something which frankly seems hihly improbable if the same people remain at it’s steering wheel.
So what can SYRIZA offer Greece’s citizens today, realistically? Today, using the same talk and nothing but talk, nothing. Not unless it is willing to go truly “radical” and really “progressive”. Not unless it is willing to forget it’s flirting with neo-con EU/IMF friendly positions and is willing to stop promising exactly what our real rulers in Germany and the EU/IMF want.
But what about tomorrow? There must be some real “progressiveness” left in SYRIZA, aren’t there? Maybe, I don’t know. If there are, and if it manages to create a coalition government at some point, maybe, just maybe these few that are left, can only offer a “light softening” on the effects of the economic missiles that are being fired against the Greek people by the EU/IMF and friends. It cannot offer anything more, because as a whole, SYRIZA refuses to even fathom the idea or possibility of regaining true sovereignty first through repudiating the usurious and genocidal debts, secondly though an exit from the Euro and the totalitarian EU, and finally the creating of a new national currency in order to restore the massive deflation that has destroyed every possibility of a positive outcome within the Euro. That, as a matter of fact, applies not just to SYRIZA, but every hopeful savior of Greece, because no one can possibly rebuild, while the demolition squad is cooperated with and is allowed free and total reign…
In the meantime, while SYRIZA forsakes what appeared to be it’s own values and allows the current government to continue it’s demolition job, it seems Greek citizens, would have to simply go back to sleep, while the obliteration continues…
…Unless the Greek citizens, realize that the struggle today, is one for National Sovereignty and the Liberation from the totalitarian European Union.
…Unless Greek citizens realize once and for all, that it’s not a matter of left against right or conservative vs progressive -call it what you will- divide and conquer game.